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Utilization of Vegetable and Fruit Waste for Bio-Energy Generation

Sneha Chafle, Vinayaka Parmar, and Seemab Biya
MGM’s Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College, Aurangabad, Third Year Department of Chemical Engineering
Abstract—We have gone through decades of energy crisis, without any adequate policy for conservation of gasoline and other petroleum products. The only solution left is to restrict ourselves to renewable sources of energy and find a substitute for them. Bio-fuels are the future source of energy all around the world. Globally, more than 30% of the loss occurs at the retail and the land consumer levels, of which the post-harvest and processing level wastages account for the major share. The process includes extraction of oil from castor seeds containing about 80% glyceride, followed by production of ethanol from sweet potatoes. Further process includes trans-esterification that shows the highest potential for the production of bio-fuel, the need of the hour for fueling the future. The studies involve the technology of “waste to fuel” with a view to overcome the disposal problems. The present article deals with the studies conducted on vegetable wastes for production of bio-fuel.

Index Terms—bio-fuel, extraction, glyceride, trans-esterification.

Cite: Sneha Chafle, Vinayaka Parmar, and Seemab Biya, "Utilization of Vegetable and Fruit Waste for Bio-Energy Generation," Jounal of Automation and Control Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 143-145 June, 2014. doi: 10.12720/joace.2.2.143-145
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